Ghana — Visas and Vaccinations
The only foreign nationals that may enter Ghana visa-free are residents of ECOWAS countries, along with citizens of Egypt, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Lesotho, Singapore, Tanzania, Swaziland, Uganda, Trinidad and Tobago, and Zimbabwe. Obtaining a visa upon arrival is not an option for Westerners, which is why it is safer and more practical to acquire one in advance through the nearest embassy. Visas are valid for three months though visitors may be granted a one-year exception in special cases. Travelers may be required to present proof of a return ticket and sufficient funds when traveling to the country.
Health and Safety
A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travel to Ghana, so make sure you have this on hand. No other shots are required, but you may wish to take precautions against cholera, especially when visiting rural areas and even urban towns like Kumasi and Accra where outbreaks intermittently occur. Diseases causing diarrhea are also common as well as certain types of hepatitis.
Ghana is a safe country to visit and crime levels are relatively low compared to other West African nations. Still, vigilance and common sense are advised, especially when traveling alone or at night. When exiting a bar, try your best to leave in a group or have a taxi waiting to avoid muggings. Beware of riptides when visiting the beaches as the current can get strong.