Ghana — Transportation
Ghana Taxis and Car Rental
Taxis are abundant, safe and easy to spot and hail in Ghana. They can be chartered or shared, depending on your preference. Private rides are naturally more expensive though prices are negotiable, especially when traveling long distances. Tro-tro cabs are passenger vehicles that work the same way as shared taxis though they have fixed routes and set fares. They are cheap, but far less comfortable than regular taxis. Accra Taxi Services (+233-244-117-889) and Ghana by Taxi (+233-024-465-3028) are just two of the many reliable taxi companies in Ghana.
Renting a car is sensible if you’re staying for a long period of time. Road quality is variable throughout the country, which is why four-wheel drive vehicles are preferred by most travelers. An International Driving Permit is required and take note that foreign-registered cars are not allowed to travel between 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m., and non compliance can result in a large fine or impounding. There are numerous rental car providers offering services with or without drivers. Among the choices are: Atlas Car Rentals (+233-30-276-8899), Basplant Ghana Limited (+233-30-224-3635), Excursion Car Rental Company (+233-24-315-0605), and international companies like Europcar (+233-24-118-2675) and Alamo (+233-30-276-8899).
Ghana Water Taxis
The lake steamer called the Yapei Queen plies the water between Yeji and Akosombo about two times per week. There are also ferries that offer services from Yeji to Makongo and Buipe, from where you can arrange onward transportation to Tamale. Advanced booking is recommended and trips can be organized via the Ministry of Tourism.
Ghana Trains and Buses
Rail links connect cities like Accra, Takoradi and Kumasi though services are presently limited between Accra, Naswam and Tema due to renovations. Trains are currently used as commuter transport for residents, but more routes are expected to open once the system is complete. In the meantime, buses are available for long distance domestic as well as international travel.
Buses are the safest means of transportation for long journeys, and they are fast and reliable, even though occasional breakdowns are often part of the adventure. Routes are available to and from main cities like Accra, Takoradi, Cape Coast, Tamale, and Kumasi. In general, tickets should be bought at least a day in advance to guarantee a spot as they fill up quickly on the day of travel. Air-conditioned coaches are preferred for long distance travel as they are a lot more comfortable than ordinary school buses.