Neither visas nor vaccinations are mandatory for most American, European, and Australian visitors to Newfoundland and Labrador. The Citizenship and Immigration Canada website (http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/visit/visas.asp) provides greater detail of Canada’s entrance requirements for all visitors.
Health and Safety
Newfoundland and Labrador’s greatest safety threats lie within its isolated wilderness, not its larger communities. Moose are the most frequently encountered wild animals along the rural highways, most of which don’t have fences or guards. Night drivers should exercise special caution, not only for moose crossings, but also for the fog which suddenly envelopes coastal areas in blinding, whiteout conditions. Tourists must also be careful not to wander past the barricades on Newfoundland’s rocky coasts.
Portable gas tanks, first aid kits, duct tape, and marine epoxy are essential survival supplies while driving on Labrador’s isolated roads, many of which are hundreds of miles from the nearest gas station, hospital, or working cell phone reception. Visiting drivers should proceed slower than the locals along Labrador’s gravel roads, and should always keep their eyes peeled for caribou, moose, and other wildlife.