Mongolia — Visas and Vaccinations
For US citizens, a valid passport is all that’s required for a stay up to 90 days, although visitors who intend to stay more than 30 days must register with the Office of Immigration in Ulan Bator no more than seven days after arrival. UK visitors need a visa from a Mongolian embassy for a stay of no more than 30 days and must carry their passport at all times. Nationals of other countries should contact their closest embassy for visa requirements and costs.
Health and Safety
If you’re planning to visit Mongolia, routine shots such as tetanus should be up to date if necessary. Hepatitis and tuberculosis are common, as is the rabies, which can be carried by nomadic dogs. If you are bitten, seek immediate medical attention for follow-up shots. As a general rule, dogs should be avoided as they can be aggressive. The atmospheric pollution in Ulan Bator may be harmful to those with respiratory issues.
Medical treatment even in Mongolia’s capital are basic and expensive, with fully-comprehensive health insurance with a medivac add-on the best idea for protection, although there’s only one clinic in the entire country which can initiate a medical evacuation. Those on regular prescriptions should bring a supply with them as most Western drugs are unavailable. The water in rural areas is unsafe to drink and city water may have an unusual taste, with visitors urged to drink bottled water only. Medication for travelers’ diarrhea should be carried.
With the exception of Ulan Bator, Mongolia is a reasonably safe country. However, in the cities and especially in the capital, there is a risk of pick pocketing, purse snatching and occasional late-night attacks on foreigners. Keep your valuables safe in a money belt and avoid flashing expensive items such as cameras, cell phones and jewelry, especially in the capital’s bazaar, rail station and other crowded places. Walking alone at night is not advised, as street lights are few and far between.