Romania’s requirements for tourist and other visas change frequently, with checking online at http://romania.embassyhomepage.com/ the best idea. At the time of writing, visitors from the USA may enter visa-free for a stay of 90 days, as can citizens of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and a number of other countries. Citizens of the UK and other EU member states may enter visa-free. Nationals of other countries are requested to contact their nearest Romanian Embassy for information.
Health and Safety
Although there are no required vaccinations for Romania, recommended jabs include Hepatitis A and B, updates to routine jabs including tetanus and a rabies vaccination if traveling in rural areas where there are likely to be bat colonies. Travelers’ diarrhea medication should be carried and bottled water should be used outside the major cities. Health services in Romania vary from ultra-modern to basic, but health professionals are well-trained. Comprehensive medical insurance is essential.
The country has a large population of wild animals, with spotting a wolf or bear fairly easy. Most species are unlikely to attack, but care should be taken. A leading cause of attack is a visitor getting too close to a bear cub without realizing the mother bear is close by. Packs of stray dogs in cities can also cause problems. Corruption amongst customs officials and police has been noticed, with a polite refusal the best way to deal with it.
There is little violent crime in Romania, although the usual tourist hassles of pick pocketing and scams can be annoying. Common sense, as in protecting valuables in crowded places and not walking alone at night in deserted streets is all that’s needed. Warnings about taxi scams at Bucharest’s airport should be taken seriously, as overcharging is rife, especially at night, and people offering rides or help with your baggage should be avoided.