Moldova — Visas and Vaccinations
Citizens of the US, EU member countries, Canada, Norway, Switzerland, and Japan can enter Moldova visa-free for up to 90 days within any six-month period. Other nationals may either be granted a visa on arrival with an officially endorsed letter of invitation or may apply for a tourist visa at their nearest Moldovan embassy. Visitors to Transnistria should remember that no consulates exist so no assistance can be given in case of emergency.
Health and Safety
Although no specific vaccinations are mandatory for Moldova, preventative shots against hepatitis A and B and other common diseases are recommended. Due to heavy usage of banned pesticides and DDT contaminating the groundwater and soil in agricultural areas, tap water is not safe to drink and fresh fruit and vegetables should be thoroughly washed before eating. The main health risks here are travelers’ diarrhea, tuberculosis and rabies.
Healthcare in Moldova is far below Western standards and many common medications are unavailable so it's essential to bring your own prescriptions. Full health insurance with a medivac add-on is highly recommended as shortages of regular supplies often occur. Technology is substandard, as is hospital accommodation. The elderly and those with medical problems are especially at risk.
In regards safety, the main issue in Moldova is petty theft, pick pocketing and scams involving demands for money. Protect your valuables as you would in any unfamiliar country. Skimming devices and hidden cameras have been found at some ATMs, making banks the best places to access funds via your credit card. Be vigilant late at night around entertainment venues as drunken brawls can erupt, and don't walk home alone. In Transnistria, corrupt police may cause problems which are usually solved by offering money.