Iceland — Visas and Vaccinations
Nationals of EU and EFTA countries may enter Iceland visa-free with just an ID card and stay for as long as they wish. Those from countries outside the EU and EFTA should check the list of countries whose nationals are also admitted visa-free, although a stay of no more than 90 days in any 180-day period is permitted.
Health and Safety
Specific inoculations are not required in Iceland as infectious diseases are not a problem. Medical care is modern and efficient, and emergency care is available at no charge to those with a valid European Health Insurance Card. Visitors are nevertheless advise to take out comprehensive medical insurance as treatments are expensive. Warm clothing is essential and care should be taken in geothermal areas as the delicate soil surface may break and land you in boiling water. There’s little or no risk of food poisoning and tap water here is among the purest on earth.
Iceland is one of the world’s safest traveler destinations, with little or no chance of harassment or violent crime. However, care should be taken at crowded Reykjavik nightlife venues as petty theft does occur. The biggest risk to tourists here is in the countryside, with dangers ranging from unstable glacier ice though uneven lava fields, to motoring accidents caused by inexperience in driving in the unusual conditions. Visitors should also bear in mind that Iceland is volcanically active.
Iceland’s swiftly-changing weather can cause dangers, with winter visitors in particular advised to check weather conditions before setting out on a trip. Drivers need to watch out for graveled rural roads, slippery mud in summer, and sheep or other livestock on or near the roads. The ‘F’ sign on a road means it’s only safe for four-wheel drive vehicles and should be taken as gospel. Most F roads are closed between October and May.