Most visitors, including those from the US, are able to visit Ecuador for up to 90 days on a 12-X tourist visa, which is issued automatically upon arrival. Citizens of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, and several African nations need a visa to enter. Consult your local embassy or consulate regarding specific requirements before departure.
Health and Safety
Ecuador is fairly safe for tourists, although visitors should take precautions to avoid petty crime. Don’t wear expensive clothes or jewelry and try to keep the maps out of plain sight (go into a restaurant). Beware of pickpockets, especially on public transportation. Use ATMs in malls during the day rather than on the street at night, and be aware of machine tampering or people nearby. Women should avoid walking alone at night. It is best to avoid the Peru or Colombian borders. Only take licensed yellow taxis, preferably by pre-booking one through your hotel.
There are no mandatory vaccinations for travel to Ecuador although immunization against hepatitis A and B, tetanus and typhoid is recommended. Visitors should avoid tap water and ice, and should take precautions against sunburn and insect-borne diseases such as malaria. Altitude sickness can be a problem in areas above 8,200 feet so give yourself a few days to acclimate with less activity, light meals and no alcohol.