For the last three years, visitors of any nationality can enter Madagascar visa-free for a stay of up to 30 days with a passport valid for at least six months post-travel and proof of a return flight. For those planning to stay longer, a visa will be required and can be obtained at the arrivals area of the airport, although it’s a lengthy process.
Health and Safety
No specific vaccinations are required for travel to Madagascar, but it's recommended that routine shots including tetanus and Hepatitis A are up to date. Bottled water is an essential, and diarrhea is a risk. Malaria and dengue fever are endemic here, with anti-malaria medication the best preventative measure. Hospitals in the capital provide basic medican services, but heathcare in the rest of the country is of lower standards, and comprehensive travel insurance including medical evacuation is recommended. Those taking perscriptions should bring enough supplies from home as pharmacies are scarce.
US citizens planning a vacation in Madagascar should check safety regulations prior to travel at http://travel.state.gov/travel/. The country is experiencing political unrest and a spike in violent crime in the cities and several rural regions. It’s inadvisable to walk around at night, even in urban areas, and valuables such as cameras, cell phones, jewelry ,and cash should be kept out of sight at all times. Pickpocketing is common in markets, city centers and attractions and street disturbances should be avoided. A photo ID should be carried at all times, as police checks are commonplace.